Thursday, 20 June 2024

Nations without States Conference ‘Today and Tomorrow’

We must call for a referendum to determine the political status of all ‘national peoples’ in the world!

The Nation Without States (NWS), an independent organisation and pressure group for self-determination sponsored by the National Liberal Party (NLP) hoisted a conference on 30th April 2017 to bring all the stateless people together to fight for their right to self-determination in London. Fourteen speakers covering at least ten different nationalities addressed the conference of over 100 delegates over the two sessions.

At the welcome note, Mr Graham Williamson, Councillor and Chairman of the NWS, who chaired the event, stated that “Despite the right to self-determination being part of the first article of the United Nations Charter, it is not willingly adhered too. Despite there being perhaps 200 nations looking to be empowered or simply recognised, only a handful have become free since the great periods of decolonisation in the 1940/50/60’s e.g. East Timor, Kosovo, South Sudan.

He further stated, “Whilst this usually involves a minority peoples struggling against a majoritarian one, it crucially involves a world community (or at least its elites) backing the latter against the former. This is partly due to self-interest i.e. fear of their own oppressed nations but also what the global elites expect. Whether it be the UN, OAU or the EU, ‘separatist’ movements are ultimately unwelcome”.

The conference explored the opportunities for self-determinist struggles at present (today) and the future (tomorrow). Many activists from various oppressed ethnicities attended this event and gave speeches of the problems they face in their own countries.
Mrs Melani Dissanayake, a Human Rights Lawyer from Sri Lanka who is currently working as a volunteer researcher with the International Centre for Prevention and Prosecution of Genocide (ICPPG) and Tamil Information Centre (TIC) represented the Tamils from Sri Lanka in this event and invited them to act immediately before it is too late. The full version of her speech as follows;

“Good evening ladies and Gentleman.

First of all, I must thank you all for inviting me to this event and giving me this golden opportunity to speak to you today.

Coming from the Singhalese Majority Community in Sri Lanka, I am proud to be here today and support you in your struggle right to Self-Determination and justice for the oppressed. I must specially thank the National Liberal Party (NLP) who sponsors the Nation Without States (NWS) to host this very important event.

As a Human Rights Lawyer, I have represented and assisted a number of Tamils detained under the Prevention of Terrorism Act – known as PTA, the most draconian act, specially designed t suppresses the freedom struggle of Tamils in Sri Lanka.

The denial of the right of self-determination to the Tamil people in Sri Lanka who have been subject to an agenda of genocide since independence in February 1948 is deeply disappointing.

This history of Sri Lanka confirms that the Tamils existed for more than 3000 years in Sri Lanka. Therefore, their Right to self-rule is legitimate. As Professor Paul. E. Peiris stated;
“The Tamils continued their rule until 1833 when the British invaded Sri Lanka and destroyed the Kingdoms”.

The British united the Island was for their administrative ease of the Tamils. This ended the sovereignty of Tamils in the North and East of Sri Lanka.
When the British left Sri Lanka in February 1948, they acted in the most irresponsible way and handed the power to the Singhalese Majority. This is called the Independence Day of Sri Lanka. But the bitter truth is – this is the inauguration day of Tamil Genocide in Sri Lanka. Since this day, the Sri Lankan successive Governments embarked on a programme of discrimination, marginalisation, Sinhalisisation and Buddhisisation on aiming at assimilation, disintegration and ultimate disappearance of Tamils as a race and nation in Sri Lanka.

The discriminatory legislations introduced by the Sri Lankan Government, triggered the Tamils to realise their need for self-determination.

The Sinhala only Act of 1956 and the Standardization Act of 1972 further relegated the Tamil language with the Tamil students being denied of admissions to universities on merit, leaving them angry and frustrated.

However, the now- violence struggle of Tamils was suppressed by the violent riots. In 1956, in 1958, in 1971, in 1977 and in 1983 mass massacres directed against the Tamils in all parts of the Island by the Security forces with the blessing and support from the State. These were aimed to make them feel as unwanted inferior citizens or aliens in their own country.

The crushing of non-violent agitations with brutal force forced the Tamils to restore to violence as a self-defense. Finally, the Tamils were forced to take arms, as their last resort, and fight for their existence.

The freedom struggle led by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam [LTTE] was portrayed as terrorism by the Sri Lankan Government. The West was also misleading and made to proscribe the LTTE as terrorists. In the name of “war against terrorism”, the Sri Lankan Government mercilessly killed more than 1,40,000 innocent Tamils. The violation committed by the Sri Lankan state forces during the war perfectly fulfils the legal requirements of the crime of Genocide.

The most draconian Prevention of Terrorism Act of 1979 – known as the PTA – is specifically targeting the rebelling Tamil youth in Sri Lanka. The sixth amendment of the Sri Lankan Constitution criminalises anyone who speaks about independence or a separate state. These were aimed to deny the Right of Self-Determination to the Tamils in Sri Lanka and to silence their voice for freedom.

The Tamils are now left to ensure their existence with no other alternative but to resort to the Right of self-determination granted in the UN Covenant. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948 has its preamble even endorsed the right to rebellion against tyranny and repression so that human rights should be protected by the ‘Rule of Law’.

If the Tamils in Sri Lanka, fail to call for their right of self-determination, their very existence will be in question.

We must call for a referendum to determine the political status of Tamil people in Sri Lanka. Tamils cannot afford to suffer the systematic Genocide any longer. Hoping for justice from the UN and International community will not be sufficient. Tamils must continue to fight to ensure its survival and preservation of its culture, language, history and religion in Sri Lanka.

I am shocked to see that some Tamil Organisations such as the British Tamil Forum (BTF) and Global Tamil Forum (GTF) began to dance to the tune of the Sri Lankan Government and began to betray their own People. This situation must immediately change. Tamils of Sri Lanka need the support from other nationals and organisations such as NLP and NWS.

In conclusion, I hereby promise you that, we, the Singhalese brothers and sisters who follow lord Buddha genuinely, will stand by you in your struggle for Self-Determination.

Thank you all again for giving me this opportunity. Every human being in this world must enjoy the right of Self-Determination”.
At the conclusion of the Conference a petition was launched and signed by speakers calling upon the UN to support the call to de-criminalise the cause of self-Determination wherever it be found.

Elected Assemblyman Dr. Jeffrey Kitinam, who flew all the way from Sabah (North Borneo), signs the petition

An online petition has also been raised:
Article 1 of the United Nation’s Charter (1945), International Covenants on Human Rights (1966), and the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and people (1960) states that Self-Determination is a right.

Yet this human right is ignored by many states around the world. Some make it illegal under Sedition Laws, e.g. in India or Malaysia, others in their Constitution e.g. in Sri Lanka (Article 157A), some under Treason Laws e.g. in Nigeria and others by simple extra-judicial action against individuals supporting self-determination. All lead to arrest, imprisonment and sometimes worse.

We urge the United Nations to lobby and support campaigns against the use of legal instruments that ban and/or make it illegal to call for self-determination, including national recognition and/or support for separation within a state.
You can sign this via António Guterres (Secretary-General of the United Nations): UN: De-criminalise Self-Determination!
Other speakers at the conference were:

Jawad Mella – Syrian Kurdish President of the Kurdish National Council
Bernard Dube – Matabele activist
Ranjit Srai – Secretary of Parliamentarians for National Self-Determination
Akli Sh’kka – Imuhagh International Youth Organisation for Justice and Equality
Mehrab Sarjov – Campaign Director for an Independent Baluchistan from Iran
Faisal Maramazi – Ahwazi Democratic Popular Front
Mahmoud Mzreh – Sec. General of the Ahwazi Democratic Front
Araz Yurdseven – GIAP (Independence for South Azerbaijaini Party) UK Representative
Dr. Jeffrey Kitingan – President of STAR (State Reform Party – Sabah) and Assemblyman (MP)
Doris Jones – Chairperson of Sabah & Sarawak Union
Ms Melani Dissanayake – Sri Lankan Human Rights Lawyer
Yogalingam Sockalingam – MP of the Tamil Transnational Government of Tamil Eelam
Graham Williamson – Chairman of Nations without States
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